The Internet has long captured all spheres of human life. And this is not a secret. Along with the development of the World Wide Web, the need for specialists in this field has also increased many times over. Programmers who work in the field of web technologies are called web programmers or web developers. Such specialists are engaged in the creation and maintenance of websites and web applications. As of January 2021, there were over 1.83 billion websites on the Internet. Large corporations, small companies, or just freelancing are all a world of opportunities for a web developer.
Creation of a website or web application is a complex and very complex process, consisting of several stages. It starts with an idea and a design layout that defines how the site will look. The second stage is the implementation of the visual component of the site based on the design. At this stage, a code is written that implements the visual (layout layout) and functionality of the site for the user. And in the third stage, you need to write the server code and deploy the site on the server.
A web developer is a general concept. In reality, web programmers are divided into two areas: frontend and backend.
A backend developer or backend developer is responsible for the backend and computational logic of websites. His work has no visual results and mostly consists in processing and storing information. A backend developer is a server technology specialist.
As a rule, different people are involved in these tasks. The UI / UX designer is responsible for the design. For the second stage – a frontend-programmer, and for the server part (backend) – a backend-programmer. A specialist who can complete frontend and backend tasks is called a fullstack developer.
Who is a frontend developer?
The frontend of the site is that part of the site with which the user directly interacts.
As mentioned above, this is a specialist who deals with the visual part of a site or web application. He has to typeset the layout, as well as inject scripts to create and improve the functionality of the application for the user.
A website that is beautifully displayed on all devices – from a mobile phone to a widescreen; a site that quickly responds to any user action is the task of the frontend developer. The first impression of the visitor about the site largely depends on it.
In the process of chasing customers on the Internet, many site owners are constantly improving and modernizing the interfaces of their sites, trying to make them visually more attractive to their customers. The old sites that were created back in the 2000s are being improved. Therefore, the demand for frontend developers has been and will be high, there is not enough specialists in the market.
How to become a Frontend developer?
It is not necessary to have a technical mindset or a technical background to master the profession of a frontend developer. Of course, this can help in the study, but it is not a determining factor.
- cross-browser adaptive layout of the layouts received from the web designer (in PSD-format, Figma, Sketch, etc.) – convenient display of the website in existing browsers on the screens of any devices;
- valid layout – compliance with W3C standards;
- semantic layout – meaningful arrangement of code fragments on the page, correct use of tags, clear names of classes and identifiers;
- search engine optimized layout – loading speed, structured code, accents for search engines, title, description and alt + title tags for images;
Then you can gradually deepen your knowledge in other technologies and tools. By improving your level, you can qualify for a higher salary.
For the high-quality performance of its tasks, the frontend developer must own the following set of technologies:
- Fluency in HTML and CSS (including grids and CSS frameworks, W3C and WHATWG specifications, HTML5 / CSS3 Polyfills);
- Understanding of CSS preprocessors (Sass, Less, Stylus, etc.);
- Knowledge and experience with popular frameworks and libraries: jQuery, Angular.JS, React.JS, Backbone.js, etc .;
- Understanding the principles of building a backend and understanding server technologies (Node.js, PHP, Ruby, .NET, etc.);
- Debugging tools (Chrome Dev Tools, Firebug and others);
- Possession of version control tools (Git, GitHub, CVS, etc.)
- Ability to work with databases and knowledge of query languages (SQL, MySql, NoSQL, MongoDB, etc.)
- Possession of graphic editors (Photoshop, Illustrator, etc.);
- Knowledge of English for working with technical documentation.
How much does the frontend developer get?
According to work.ua, the average salary for a layout designer in Ukraine is UAH 15,000. This is an average and a lot of the payment depends on your responsibilities. Also, the lower and upper limits may vary depending on your experience and knowledge.
The average salary for beginner frontend developers is $ 1000. The higher your level of knowledge, the higher the pay. Senior Frontend Developer can earn $ 3,500 and up.
In Europe and the United States, these numbers will be even higher.
Where to go next?
Like many IT professions, a frontend developer has several options for further development. You can study related technologies (design, backend, etc.) and become a fullstack developer. This will increase the cost of your labor several times.
You can develop in your field, mastering more and more new technologies and tools. IT does not stand still and new items in development appear almost every six months.
A frontend developer can boldly move up the career ladder to the top by applying for leadership positions. Leaders who understand the development process are especially valued in the market.
Or you can become a freelancer and work for your own pleasure, earning as much money as in the company.
Where to study to become a frontend developer?
Nowadays on the Internet you can find many open sources of information. Youtube, google search – here you can easily find all the necessary material for training.
But this approach is not suitable for everyone. Not everyone will be able to build a clear plan for learning a new specialty for themselves. For a quick and most importantly high-quality result, it is better to find yourself a mentor – a specialist in this field. Who will guide and monitor your learning.
Another option is to go to training courses. The courses will give you basic knowledge, and most importantly, give you the right vector of development in your profession. This will save you time (maybe even years) that you would have spent learning on your own.